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What is Hair Perm

A hair perm, short for "permanent wave," is a chemical hair treatment that alters the natural texture of the hair to create curls, waves, or added body and volume. The process typically involves the use of chemicals to break and rearrange the disulfide bonds in the hair's protein structure, allowing the hair to take on a new shape that is set into place.

Types of Hair Perms For Women

There are various types of hair perms for women, each creating a different kind of curl or wave pattern.

  • Body Wave Perm: This perm creates loose, natural-looking waves that add volume and body to the hair.
  • Spiral Perm: Spiral perms create tight, springy curls that resemble corkscrews. This type of perm is often chosen for a more dramatic and defined curl pattern.
  • Beach Wave Perm: As the name suggests, this perm gives you beachy, tousled waves reminiscent of a day at the beach. It creates a relaxed, textured look.
  • Pin Curl Perm: This perm style involves using small, tightly wound pin curls to create a classic, retro look. It is often chosen for vintage-inspired hairstyles.
  • Multi-Textured Perm: This type of perm combines different curl patterns throughout the hair, creating a more dynamic and textured look.
  • Spot Perm: A spot perm is used to add volume, lift, and curl to specific areas of the hair, rather than the entire head. It is often used to enhance specific hairstyles or create focal points.
  • Stack Perm: A stack perm is designed to add volume and curl to the crown area while leaving the rest of the hair straight or lightly textured.
  • Root Perm: As the name suggests, a root perm focuses on adding curl and lift to the roots of the hair, creating volume and body at the base.
  • Piggyback Perm: This technique involves perming the hair in two separate stages. The first perm establishes the base curl, and the second perm is used to create additional texture and curl on top of the initial perm.

If you want to learn more about Perm, please read our blog.

Hair Perms: How to Achieve Stunning Curls That Last

How long will a perm last?
The duration of a perm varies, but on average, it can last around 2 to 6 months. The longevity depends on your hair type, maintenance, and how well you care for your curls. Using sulfate-free products and avoiding excessive heat can help prolong the life of your perm.
What is the difference between a digital perm and a traditional perm?
A digital perm uses hot rods and a controlled temperature to create loose, natural-looking curls, while a traditional perm employs chemical solutions for tighter, more uniform curls.
Can I get a perm if my hair is chemically treated?
Yes, you can get a perm if your hair is chemically treated, but it's important to consider the condition of your hair before proceeding. Consult with a professional stylist to assess the compatibility of the treatments and determine the best approach for achieving your desired look while maintaining the health of your hair.
How do I take care of my permed hair?
Taking care of permed hair requires special attention to maintain its health and texture. Use a sulfate-free, moisturizing shampoo and conditioner to prevent dryness and preserve the curls. Limit washing to 2-3 times a week to avoid stripping natural oils. Apply a leave-in conditioner to keep hair hydrated and use a wide-tooth comb to detangle gently. Avoid excessive heat styling and opt for air-drying whenever possible. Regularly trim your hair to prevent split ends. Incorporate a protein-rich treatment once a month to maintain strength. Sleep on a silk or satin pillowcase to minimize friction. With consistent care, your permed hair can remain vibrant and bouncy.
What types of curls can I get with a perm?
With a perm, you can achieve a variety of curls to suit your desired look. From tight, ringlet curls to loose, beachy waves, the possibilities are endless. The type of curl you get depends on factors like the size of the perm rods used and the processing time. If you're aiming for defined coils, smaller rods are your best bet, while larger rods create softer waves. Don't forget to consult with your stylist to discuss your preferences and hair type to achieve the perfect curl for you!
Will perming damage my hair?
Perming can potentially cause damage to your hair. The chemical process involved in perming alters the hair's structure, which can lead to dryness, breakage, and weakened strands. It's essential to consult with a professional cosmetologist who can assess the health of your hair and recommend suitable products and aftercare routines to minimize potential damage. Using quality products and following proper maintenance guidelines will help mitigate the risks associated with perming and keep your hair looking its best.
Can I color my hair after getting a perm?
Of course! It's generally recommended to wait a couple of weeks after getting a perm before coloring your hair. Perming chemicals can temporarily alter your hair's porosity and structure, which might affect the color uptake and result. Waiting allows your hair to recover and stabilize. When you decide to color post-perm, opt for gentle, ammonia-free dyes or seek professional advice to ensure the best results and minimize potential damage. Remember to prioritize hair care with deep conditioning and sulfate-free shampoos to maintain your hair's health and vibrancy.
Can I swim with permed hair?
Of course! You can swim with permed hair, but there are a few precautions you should take to maintain the health and longevity of your perm. Before swimming, apply a leave-in conditioner or a protective hair product to create a barrier against chlorine or saltwater. After swimming, rinse your hair thoroughly with clean water to remove any chemicals. Avoid vigorous rubbing and gently pat your hair dry with a towel. It's also a good idea to use a sulfate-free shampoo and deep conditioning treatment to restore moisture and keep your curls looking their best. Remember, proper care will help minimize the potential for damage and maintain the beautiful texture of your permed hair.
Will a perm work on short hair?
Yes, a perm can work on short hair. However, it's essential to consider your hair's current length and texture to achieve the desired result. Short hair may require a different type of perm technique, such as a body wave or a stack perm, to create volume and texture. Consult with a professional cosmetologist to determine the best approach for your specific hair type and desired style. Keep in mind that proper aftercare is crucial to maintain the longevity and health of your permed short hair.
What’s the process of getting a perm?
Sure! Getting a perm involves several steps to create permanent waves or curls in your hair. First, your hair will be washed with a clarifying shampoo to remove any residues. Then, your hair will be wrapped around perm rods in the desired curl size and pattern. A waving lotion is applied to break down the hair's natural structure, followed by a neutralizer to reform the hair into its new shape. The rods are then rinsed with cool water and gently blotted dry. Lastly, the rods are removed, and your newly permed hair is rinsed, conditioned, and styled as desired. It's important to consult with a professional cosmetologist to determine the best perm type for your hair and to ensure the process is done correctly to achieve the desired results.